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ASTM A312 A312M Standard Specification

What is ASTM A312 A312M standard?

ASTM A312 A312M standard specification is a set of guidelines for the production and testing of seamless and welded austenitic stainless steel pipe. These pipes are used in a wide range of applications, from transporting liquids and gases to structural support in construction and other industries.
A key feature of the ASTM A312 A312M specification is its focus on ensuring the chemical and mechanical properties of the stainless steel used in the pipeline. These requirements include minimum yield strength, tensile strength, elongation and hardness. This specification also includes guidelines for allowable variations in these properties.
Another important aspect of the ASTM A312 A312M specification is the requirements for pipeline testing. This includes nondestructive and destructive testing such as hydrodynamic testing, eddy current testing, and tensile testing. This ensures that the pipeline meets the necessary quality and safety standards.
The ASTM A312 A312M specification also includes requirements for pipeline manufacturing processes. This includes guidelines for welding processes, as well as guidelines for heat treating and pickling of the pipe. This ensures that the pipe is manufactured to a high standard and is of consistent quality.
In summary, the ASTM A312 A312M standard specification is a comprehensive set of guidelines to ensure the production of high quality seamless and welded austenitic stainless steel pipe. These pipes are used in a wide range of applications, and the specification ensures that they meet the necessary standards for quality, safety and durability.
In summary, the ASTM A312 A312M Standard Specification is an important document for manufacturers and engineers because it outlines the production, testing and quality standards for seamless and welded austenitic stainless steel pipe. It ensures that the pipe produced is safe and suitable for a variety of applications.

ASTM A312 A312M Standard Specification


1.1 This specification2 covers seamless, straight-seam welded, and heavily cold worked welded austenitic stainless steel pipe intended for high-temperature and general corrosive service.

NOTE 1—When the impact test criterion for a low-temperature service,would be 15 ft·lbf [20 J] energy absorption or 15 mils [0.38 mm] lateral expansion, some of the austenitic stainless steel grades covered by this specification are accepted by certain pressure vessel or piping codes without the necessity of making the actual test. For example, Grades TP304, TP304L, and TP347 are accepted by the ASME Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII Division 1, and by the Chemical Plant and Refinery Piping Code, ANSI B31.3, for service at temperatures as low as −425 °F [−250 °C] without qualification by impact tests. Other AISI stainless steel grades are usually accepted for service temperatures as low as −325 °F [−200 °C] without impact testing. Impact testing may, under certain circumstances, be required. For example, materials with chromium or nickel content outside the AISI ranges, and for material with carbon content exceeding 0.10 %, are required to be impact tested under the rules of ASME Section VIII Division 1 when service temperatures are lower than −50 °F [−45 °C].

1.2 Grades TP304H, TP309H, TP309HCb, TP310H, TP310HCb, TP316H, TP321H, TP347H, and TP348H are modifications of Grades TP304, TP309Cb, TP309S, TP310Cb, TP310S, TP316, TP321, TP347, and TP348, and are intended for service at  temperatures where creep and stress rupture properties are important.

1.3 Optional supplementary requirements are provided for pipe where a greater degree of testing is desired. These supplementary requirements call for additional tests to be made and, when desired, it is permitted to specify in the order one or more of these supplementary requirements.

1.4 Table X1.1 lists the standardized dimensions of welded and seamless stainless steel pipe as shown in ANSI B36.19. These dimensions are also applicable to heavily cold worked pipe. Pipe having other dimensions is permitted to be ordered and furnished provided such pipe complies with all other requirements of this specification.

1.5 Grades TP321 and TP321H have lower strength requirements for pipe manufactured by the seamless process in nominal wall thicknesses greater than 3⁄8 in. [9.5 mm].

1.6 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard. The inch-pound units shall apply unless the “M” designation of this specification is specified in the order.

NOTE 2—The dimensionless designator NPS (nominal pipe size) has been substituted in this standard for such traditional terms as “nominal diameter,” “size,” and “nominal size.”

2. Referenced Documents

2.1 ASTM Standards:3

A 262 Practices for Detecting Susceptibility to Intergranular Attack in Austenitic Stainless Steels

A 370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

A 941 Terminology Relating to Steel, Stainless Steel, Related Alloys, and Ferroalloys

A 999/A 999M Specification for General Requirements for Alloy and Stainless Steel Pipe

A 1016/A 1016M Specification for General Requirements for Ferritic Alloy Steel, Austenitic Alloy Steel, and Stainless Steel Tubes

E 112 Test Methods for Determining Average Grain Size

E 381 Method of Macroetch Testing Steel Bars, Billets,Blooms, and Forgings

E 527 Practice for Numbering Metals and Alloys in the Unified Numbering System (UNS)

2.2 ANSI Standards:4

B1.20.1 Pipe Threads, General Purpose

B36.10 Welded and Seamless Wrought Steel Pipe

B36.19 Stainless Steel Pipe

2.3 ASME Standard:

ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code : Section VIII.

2.4 AWS Standard:

A5.9 Corrosion-Resisting Chromium and Chromium-Nickel Steel Welding Rods and Electrodes6

2.5 Other Standard:

SAE J1086 Practice for Numbering Metals and Alloys (UNS).

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